Helping you keep your family healthy is our priority. That's why WHA provides you with the latest preventive health recommendations for your children. The guidelines are based on scientific evidence from reliable sources such as the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

As you view the guidelines, remember that the recommended preventive services by your child's doctor will be based on you child's individual health care needs.


A visit to your child's doctor means a thorough physical exam.  Your doctor may ask you questions about your child's current health.  These visits, known as wellness visits, are recommended soon after your baby is born and should continue into your child's preteen and adolescent years.

Depending on your child's age, the visit may include the following:

  • Birth to 24 Months: Measurement of weight and head circumference
  • Birth to 36 Months: Measurement of weight and length
  • Older than 36 Months through adolescent: Measurement of height and weight

For females beginning at age 18 years, Well Woman Visits are recommended every year. Visit to learn more.


Health Screenings

Your child's doctor will want to ensure your child is getting the right preventive health screenings for his or her particular health needs and advise that they be completed before, during or soon after your child's visit:

Birth to 24 Months*
  • Anemia screening: At 4 months and 15 months
  • Hearing: At birth
  • Hypothyroidism: At birth
  • Phenylketonuria: At birth
  • Sickle Cell Disease: At birth
  • Dental caries: Birth up to 5 years old
  • Lead Poisoning: 1 to 5 years old
  • Obesity and Body Mass Index (BMI): 6 years and older
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Skin Test: Only if your child is at risk
2-19 Years*
  • Anemia screening: Up to 19 years of age for those at risk
  • Visual Impairment: 3-5 years of age then every year
  • Height and Weight: At each visit
  • Blood Pressure: Beginning at 3 years of age then every year
  • Obesity and Body Mass Index (BMI): 6+ years of age at each visit
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Skin Test: Only children at risk
11-19 Years*

In addition, your child may be screened for the following:

  • Sexually transmitted disease if sexually active and not pregnant, such as:
    • Chlamydia
    • HIV
    • Syphilis
    • Gonorrhea
  • Depression/Mental Health Assessment
  • Developmental/Behavioral Assessment

*Recommendations may vary based on your child's health needs, health risks or as recommended by your child's doctor. For more information about preventive services, visit US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) to learn more. 

Health Education

During a visit to your child's doctor, information about what to expect at each stage of a child's life (developmental milestones) will be provided, including education on healthy habits specific to your child and family's needs.

Health care needs will change as your child continues to grow. Well child visits allow you and your child's doctor to discuss health topics that are important to your child's needs, such as:

Birth to 24 Months
  • Anemia Prevention: For children who are at risk for anemia, your child's doctor will discuss giving iron supplements. Note: Iron supplements are available over the counter and are not covered by your pharmacy benefit.
  • Safe Sleeping Positions: Birth to 12 months
  • Child Safety
  • Developmental Milestones
  • Dental Health
  • Healthy Weight and Nutrition
  • Immunizations
  • Injury and Violence Prevention
  • Psychosocial Development
  • Lead Poisoning: For children at risk up to 7 years old, your doctor will discuss preventive measures
2-19 Years
  • Anemia Prevention: Up to 17 years old
  • Physical Activity: Your child's doctor will want to ensure activity is part of your child's daily routine
  • Sleeping Patterns: Adolescents and pre-adolescents need at least eight and a half to more than nine hours of sleep each night
  • Child Safety
  • Developmental Milestones
  • Dental Health
  • Healthy Weight and Nutrition
  • Immunizations
  • Injury and Violence Prevention
  • Psychosocial Development
  • Lead Poisoning: 1-5 years of age for those at risk
11-19 Years

In addition, your child's doctor will discuss the health risks for the following:

  • Alcohol and Substance Abuse
  • Depression
  • Sexual Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Tobacco Use/Avoidance





Last review date: February 8, 2018

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